Urbanisation, state formation processes and new capital cities in the Western Balkans
Zoltán Hajdú, Szilárd Rácz
The collapse of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the formation of new states on the former territory of the SFRY affected not only the citizens of the former Yugoslavia, but also all states on the Balkan Peninsula. Greece had serious reservations over the establishment of the Republic of Macedonia. The collapse of the SFRY has also meant that in some Yugoslav successor states proportion of Albanian inhabitants has become significant and their economic and political importance has grown. Instead of former inner administrative borders, new state borders have been raised. Some of the new borders have turned into closed ones, and almost give the appearance of classical military borders. International borders and crossing facilities have divided special state units in the former unitary political geographical space. The most uncomfortable question within the “separation process” was: “Who has the right to self-determination?” Within the complicated political situations an ambition manifested itself that the “peoples”, the “nations”, the republics, “the majority settlement areas” have a right to and opportunity for self-determination. The past two decades have brought basic changes in the whole Balkan Peninsula, especially on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, where spatial structures and settlement network were not devoid of changes either. Historical and political literature studying the single countries’ transformation is large and far reaching, however, urban network and spatial structure focused overview has been, so far, missing from the range of research.
former Yugoslavia, Western Balkans, political geography, nation states, urban network, urbanisation
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Socio-demographic structure of Olomouc from the point of view of the quality of life
The main aim of the article is an analysis of the interactive relationships between the inner socio-demographic structure of the city of Olomouc and the quality of life. The partial aim is the study of the complex inner socio-demographic structure of the city and typology of the areal units of the city carried out on the basis of multivariate statistical methods, particularly on the basis of the factor and cluster analyses. The study has been compiled at the level of basic areal units. The outcomes of the quantitative investigation are further confronted with the subjective perception of the quality of life by way of data from the field research.
Quality of life, factor analysis, inner structure of the city, factor ecology, Olomouc
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Elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the National Assembly in the Hlučín region in 1929: a historical-geographic analysis
Miloslav Šerý, Nikol Urbančíková
The Hlučín region, which is the subject of this analysis, is characterised by different historical development in comparison with the rest of the Czech Republic (178 years of affiliation with the German empire). This fact became evident especially after integration of the region to former Czechoslovakia in 1920. The area analyzed, or rather its population, revealed a whole range of particularities, among them the electoral behaviour. The main goal of this study consists in evaluation of electoral behaviour of the Hlučín region population during the elections to the Chamber of Deputies in 1929. The historical-geographic and the classic electoral-geographic methods were used for needs of this analysis. On the basis of the analysis applied, a unique model of electoral support of political parties was proved, especially in the context of demographic structures of local inhabitants. The significant spatial differences in their electoral preferences were also proved in the region examined.
electoral geography, electoral behaviour, Hlučín region
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Post-military areas in the Czech Republic and their revitalization – examples of the towns of Hodonín and Uherské Hradiště
Jan Hercik, Ondřej Šerý, Václav Toušek
One of the basic transforming processes of the period after 1989 is the process of demilitarization. Among other things, one of its consequences is the emergence of abandoned military buildings and areas – so-called military brownfields. This kind of brownfield has a large number of specifics, to which subsequent revitalization necessarily must be adapted. As a large portion of these areas is situated within municipalities or is directly adjacent, it is essential that the revitalization of these sites must be approached with great sensitivity. Two examples of an approach to the revitalization of former barracks sites located within cities are shown in the submitted article.
revitalization, post-military areas, Czech Republic, Hodonín, Uherské Hradiště
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Geographic seminar organised in honour of doc. RNDr. Stanislav Řehák, CSc. (Jan Daniel, Miloslav Šerý)
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