Gambling and its accessibility: Case study of Olomouc (Czech Republic)
Received: July 14, 2016
Accepted: August 25, 2016
The issue of gambling, which the article discusses, is – in terms of scientifi c approach – a rather neglected topic in the Czech Republic, although in recent years gambling has enjoyed signifi cant media coverage. This geographical contribution to the study of gambling at a local level lies mainly in the exploration of its spatial distribution and the related accessibility. Many studies have shown the impact of the accessibility of gambling on the prevalence of problem and pathological gambling. This article aims to analyse the spatial concentration of gambling venues in Olomouc and explain the localization of its centres. For this purpose, we used the kernel density function in the ArcGIS programme. We have defi ned two kernels, one in the historical centre of Olomouc and the other near the main railway station. Both the gambling centres are easily accessible locations and it is also possible to connect them with a higher number of crimes committed. In conclusion, we also analysed Masarykova Street, which is the street with far and away the highest number of gambling venues in the city. We paid attention to the link between the presence of gambling venues and associated service facilities such as ATMs and pawnbrokers.
gambling, accessibility, availability, Olomouc, Czech Republic, case study.
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Central Europe within dairy Europe
Received: January 1, 2015
Accepted: September 18, 2016
Central Europe accounts for about 20% of continental milk production. Built on a certain tradition, mainly in the Carpathians, production was particularly developed during the communist period on large collective farms associated with industrial dairies. After 1989, this system was greatly transformed, leading to the near total reorganisation of channels (production and processing). Twenty-fi ve years later, the analysis shows signifi cant regional differences between zones that adapted to the new context and became dynamic dairy territories (ex-GDR, Poland, the Baltic states), and others which did not adapt as they lacked organisation and competitiveness (Romania, Bulgaria, Balkan states outside the EU).
Central Europe, Poland, Carpathians, milk production, dairy channels.
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