Volume 45, Number 2

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Spatial aspects of transport behaviour in the Czech Republic after 1989

Stanislav Kraft, Jan Prener

Received: October 14, 2014
Accepted: November 20, 2014                                                                                             

pp. 53–77

The article focuses on the current development of transport and transport behaviour in the Czech Republic in the post-socialist context. Dramatic economic, political and social changes after 1989 related to the fall of the Iron Curtain created new principles of organisation of spatial phenomena and spatial processes. We consider the transport and transport behaviour as a complex and much complicated category. They are inextricably connected with spatial organisation of society. The article is thus aimed on the research of 1) spatial changes in the level of individual automobilisation and 2) spatial changes in the transport mode choice. We use the official statistical data to describe and analyse these aspects of transport behaviour. Special attention is paid to the current trends of car transport development and the changing position of public transport in the transport system of the Czech Republic.

Key words
spatial mobility, transport behaviour, commuting to work, automobilisation, Czech Republic

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Functional use of the suburban landscape after 1989 through the example of the city of Olomouc

Michaela Harrodová, Miloslav Šerý

Received: October 18, 2014
Accepted: November 23, 2014                                                                                             

pp. 79–97

In 1989, fundamental political and social changes took place in the then Czechoslovakia that were associated with a number of consequences. One of them was the creation of entirely new general conditions for the development of the suburban landscape. Therefore, this paper deals with evaluation of the development of a selected suburban landscape since 1989. For the purposes of our study we have selected two suburban areas of the city of Olomouc (Černovír and Chválkovice). We analysed the transformations of the functional use of the landscape, particularly with regard to the assessment of changes in ecological stability. The changes in functional land use are assessed using the methods of digitising the available aerial photogrammetric images and their subsequent management in a geo-information system. These methods are used to quantify each category of functional use and then to evaluate the dynamics of their changes. In both cases the spatial aspects are also considered. In the next part of the paper, the facts that are found are discussed and interpreted using the identification of so-called driving forces.

Key words
driving forces, landscape structure, ecological stability, aerial photogrammetric image, Olomouc, Czech Republic

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Flood formation mechanism of the devastating flood in the town of Miziya, Bulgaria in August 2014

Daniela Zlatunova, Panka Babukova

Received: November 6, 2014
Accepted: December 8, 2014                                                                                              

pp. 99–120

The publication aims to study the factors involved in the formation of the devastating flood in the town of Miziya in the Republic of Bulgaria in August 2014. The natural and anthropogenic flood formation factors in the river basin are researched in details. The flood formation mechanism is researched and the main conclusions about the situation and future flood risk management in the basin are developed. The following scientific research methods are used in the publication: differentiated approach, complex (combinatory) approach, geographical scientific approach (chronological and chorological), mathematical-statistical method and spatial analysis method.

Key words
flood formation mechanism, spatial analysis, Miziya, Bulgaria

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Assoc. Prof. JUDr. Stanislava Šprincová, PhD. has left us (Pavel Ptáček, Miloš Fňukal)

4th Geographical Discussion Forum (Martin Erlebach)